Topic 23: Headaches

We all have had a headache. Some of us suffer from them more than others; they are horrible, painful things that you seem to get when ever you need to do something important, are trying to concentrate, or are having fun. But what is actually happening to our bodies when we get headaches? How to get rid of them? Why do we get them? What are types of headaches? And how do we lessen our chances of getting one?

What is happening to our bodies when we get head aches? Why do we get headaches? When we get a head ache it has nothing to do with our brains being in pain, our brains themselves don’t feel pain. We actually are in pain somewhere around our brains. Headaches is a pain in the nerves and muscles of the head and neck. There can be lots of reasons why we gat a headache but here are the two main reasons. 1. A medical condition e.g. head trauma, fever, infections, tumours, dental condition or an increase in pressure in the skull and 2. everyday things such as loud noises or stress.

What are types of headaches? There are three main types, Migraine, Cluster and Tension. Migraine headaches are caused when there is a reduce in blood flow to the cerebral cortex. Symptoms include: dizziness, sensitivity to noise, vomiting and throbbing head in one side of the head. Most people get migraines because of a neurotransmitter, serotonin which is in some medications. Tension headaches are caused by muscles in your neck or brain being tense or by emotional stress. Symptoms include: a dull and steady ache in the head and pain in both sides of the head. They are closely related to migraines are often caused by strained eye sight or poor eye sight. Cluster headaches happen over a course of a few weeks or months. The pain is normally in the centre of the head, around the eye. They normally occur when there is a change in blood flow around the head area.

How do you get rid of a headache and how do you lessen your chance of getting them? A headache can normally be treated with a pain medication that can be brought over the counter. You could also see your doctor for advice and a prescription to a better medication that is more suited to you, it is also wise to keep hydrated, avoid lots of noise, odours and light and get lots of rest. To lessen the chance of getting a headache you should be active, drink lots of water, get fresh air, eat a balanced diet and get plenty of sleep.


  • Migraines can be passed through generations
  • In the Neolithic period it was thought that headaches were the works of evil spirits. They would cut circular holes in the skull to let to evil spirit out, surprisingly people actually survived these “operations”
  • Adult woman are four times more likely to get headaches
  • boys get more headaches than girls, but this changes once they get older
  • Headache triggers include: Alcohol, cigarettes, nuts, onions, caffeine, stress, medication, weather changes, loud noises, mensuration, eye strain and fatigue

It is always a good idea to see your doctor if your headache lasts longer than two days or you get them frequently.

“A great wind is blowing, and that gives you either imagination or a headache”- Catherine the Great



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