Topic 36: Australia

Australia is located in between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean, and is an Oceania country. It is one of several continents and is the smallest continent and is well known for its harsh dry landscape. It is a wealthy country that is 7, 741, 220 sq. km big. The capital is Canberra, and is divided into six countries and two territories: Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Northern Territory and Tasmania.

Australia is divided into three separate time zones. Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST) covers the eastern states of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania & the Australian Capital Territory, Australian Central Standard Time (ACST) covers the state of South Australia, the town of Broken Hill in western New South Wales and the Northern Territory and Australian Western Time (ASWT) covers Western Australia. The currancy in Australia consist of $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 notes and coin in 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent with $2 and $1 gold coins.

Facts:

  • It is the sixth largest country in the world
  • Australia is 91% vegetation
  • Most of Australia fauna and flora cannot be found anywhere else in the world
  • Has about 24 million people living in Australia
  • The national anthem is Advance Australia Fair
  • Australia was the second country to give women the right to vote in 1922
  • Canberra was picked to be the capital because Sydney and Melbourne could not stop arguing which city should be the capital of Australia
  • Out of 100 households, ten of them will have babies, 27 will have cats and 45 will have dogs
  • Victoria has the best ratio of men to women 98 males to every 100 females
  • There are about 100,000 more women than men
  • The life expectancy of an Australian is 82 years while in 2044 it is approximated to be about 90
  • For every 105 baby boys born there are 100 baby girls
  • On average Australian woman out live Australian men by 4 years
  • 60% of weddings in Australia happen on a Saturday

Australians tend to have their own language, they make up words known as Australian slang:

Arvo- Afternoon

chocka- full up

fair dinkum- true, real

fair go- give a chance

ripper- great

Acca Dacca- AC DC (its a band name)

‘ang on- wait a minute

barbie- BBQ

gander– to have a look at something

garbo- garbage collector

nick off/rack off- go away

servo- petrol station

stubby- beer

Yarn- conversation

g’day- Good day

mate-friend

australial l2 l3 l4

“I’m a proud Australian. A very, very proud Australian”- Steve Irwin

bibliography:

http://www.australia.com/en/facts.html

http://www.australia.com/en/facts/cities-states-territories.html

http://www.weekendnotes.com/interesting-facts-about-australia/

http://www.news.com.au/technology/environment/surprising-facts-about-australia-according-to-mccrindle-research-and-abs/story-fnjww1so-1226952018284

http://www.australianexplorer.com/slang/phrases.htm

http://www.goingrank.com.au/glossary.html

http://www.mapsofworld.com/australia/location-map.html

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